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Pyattck – A Python Module To Interact With The Mitre ATT&CK Framework

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The pyattck package retrieves all Tactics, Techniques, Actors, Malware, Tools, and Mitigations from the MITRE ATT&CK Frameworks as well as any defined relationships within the MITRE ATT&CK dataset. In addition, Techniques, Actors, and Tools (if applicable) now have collected data from third-party resources that are accessible via properties on a technique. For more detailed information about these features, see External Datasets.

The pyattck package allows you to:

  • Update or sync the external datasets by calling the update() method on an Attck object. By default it checks for updates every 30 days.
  • Specify a local file path for the MITRE ATT&CK Enterprise Framework json, generated dataset, and/or a config.yml file.
  • Retrieve an image_logo of an actor (when available). If an image_logo isn’t available, it generates an ascii_logo.
  • Search the external dataset for external commands that are similar using search_commands.
  • Access data from the MITRE PRE-ATT&CK Framework
  • Access data from the MITRE Mobile ATT&CK Framework

Installation

You can install pyattack on OS X, Linux, or Windows. You can also install it directly from the source. To install, see the commands under the relevant operating system heading, below.

Prerequisites

The following libraries are required and installed by pyattck:

requests
pendulum>=1.2.3,<1.3
pyfiglet==0.8.post1
PyYaml>=5.0
Pillow==7.1.2
fire==0.3.1

OS X & Linux:

pip install pyattck

Windows:

pip install pyattck

Installing from source

git clone git@github.com:swimlane/pyattck.git
cd pyattck
python setup.py install

Usage example

To use pyattck you must instantiate an Attck object. Although you can interact directly with each class, the intended use is through a Attck object:

from pyattck import Attck

attack = Attck()

You can access the following main properties on your Attck object:

  • enterprise
  • preattack
  • mobile

Once you specify the MITRE ATT&CK Framework, you can access additional properties.

Here are the accessible objects under the Enterprise property:

For more information on object types under the enterprise property, see Enterprise.

Here are the accessible objects under the PreAttck property:

For more information on object types under the preattck property, see PreAttck.

Here are the accessible objects under the Mobile property:

For more information on object types under the mobile property, see Mobile.

Note

We understand that there are many different open-source projects being released, even on a daily basis, but we wanted to provide a straightforward Python package that allowed the user to identify known relationships between all verticals of the MITRE ATT&CK Framework.

If you are unfamiliar with the MITRE ATT&CK Framework, there are a few key components to ensure you have a firm grasp around. The first is Tactics & Techniques. When looking at the MITRE ATT&CK Framework, the Tactics are the columns and represent the different phases of an attack.

The MITRE ATT&CK Framework is NOT an all encompassing/defacto security coverage map – it is rather a FRAMEWORK and additional avenues should also be considered when assessing your security posture.

Techniques are the rows of the framework and are categorized underneath specific Tactics (columns). They are data points within the framework that provides guidance when assessing your security gaps. Additionally, (most) Techniques contain mitigation guidance in addition to information about their relationship to tools, malware, and even actors/groups that have used this technique during recorded attacks.

This means, if your organization is focused on TTPs (Tactics Techniques and Procedures) used by certain actors/groups then MITRE ATT&CK Framework is perfect for you. If you are not at this security maturing within your organization, no worries! The ATT&CK Framework still provides really good guidance in a simple and straightforward layout, but programmatically it is not straightforward–especially if you wanted to measure (or map) your security controls using the framework.

Developing and Testing

You can add features or bugs or run the code in a development environment.

  1. To get a development and testing environment up and running, use this Dockerfile.
  2. To use the Dockerfile run, cd to this repository directory and run:
docker build --force-rm -t pyattck .
  1. Next, run the docker container:
docker run pyattck

Running this calls the test python file in bin/test.py.

  1. Modify the test python file for additional testing and development.

Running the tests

Tests within this project should cover all available properties and methods. As this project grows the tests will become more robust but for now we are testing that they exist and return outputs.

Github

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